DJ's Texas Quizzes

Answers: The History of Fort Worth

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Question 1: All of the above. Gen. William Jenkins Worth had a highly decorated career in the U.S. Army. He enlisted as a private in the War of 1812 and rose to first lieutenant by 1813. He served as an aide-de-camp under generals Morgan Lewis and Winfield Scott. He became an instructor of tactics at West Point in 1820 and was made commandant of cadets in 1825. He set very high standards of conduct for the cadets, which carry forth today. Worth was particularly well known as a hero of the Mexican War. He served under generals Zachary Taylor and Winfield Scott. He participated in the battle of Monterrey in 1846, led the first troops ashore in the amphibious landing at Veracruz in March 1847, and commanded the troops that captured Chapultepec Castle in Mexico City in September 1847.

Question 2: Ephraim M. Daggett.
Ephraim Daggett was born in upper Canada in 1810 and moved to Indiana in 1820 and then Chicago in 1830. His family moved to Texas in 1840 and he served in the Mexican War. He did much to promote the early growth of Fort Worth, and died there in 1883. John Peter Smith opened the first school in Fort Worth in 1854.

Question 3: All of the Above. Fort Worth was first known as Cowtown when cattle drivers began to stop there in route to Abilene Kansas in the 1860s. The arrival of various railroads in the 1870s increased the flow of visitors and entertainment, which led to the name Queen City of the Prairie. A section of downtown, known as
Hell's Half Acre, was renowned for its saloons and other entertainment. Despite increasing urbanization, high technology, and significant cultural investments, Fort Worth still likes to refer to itself today as the city "Where the West Begins."

Question 4: 3,500,000. This record stood until
World War II, when the Fort Worth Stockyards expanded their sheep capacity and reached a level of 5,250,000 animals processed in 1944, with the growth in large part to meet war needs.

Question 5: Approaching Storm (George Inness). Approaching Storm was painted in 1875 and acquired by the
Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth in 1904. The Swimming Hole, one of Thomas Eakins's most famous paintings (painted ca. 1883-85), was purchased for the museum by the Friends of Art. During the second half of the twentieth century, the museum increased its focus on modern art, which led to the additions of works by Picasso, Motherwell, Morris Louis, Jackson Pollock, and others.

Question 6: Fort Worth and Denver City Railway. The Fort Worth and Denver City Railway Company, later the
Fort Worth and Denver Railway Company, was founded in 1873. The financial panic of that year delayed the start of construction of the railway until 1881. During the Texas Centennial in 1936 the Fort Worth and Denver City and the Burlington-Rock Island cooperated in operating the first streamlined train in Texas, the Sam Houston Zephyr, between Houston and Dallas-Fort Worth. The railroad grew substantially and ultimately became part of the Burlington Northern system in 1982. The Fort Worth and Rio Grande and the Fort Worth and New Orleans were each founded in 1885. The Fort Worth and Western and the Fort Worth Belt were founded later.

Question 7: Camp Bowie. Construction of
Camp Bowie, about three miles north of downtown Fort Worth, began in July 1917. Named after famous Alamo defender James Bowie, it was built as a training site for the Thirty-sixth Infantry Division. During World War I, more than 100,000 soldiers were trained there. It was closed in 1919, and became a residential area. Part of that area is now a cultural district, including the Amon Carter Museum and the Kimbell Art Museum. Camp Worth was the founding name of the military facility that became Fort Worth. Fort Worth Army Air Field and Fort Worth Air Force Base were early names for Carswell Air Force Base. Carswell Air Force Base is best known for its training and operations of a series of prominent military aircraft, including the B-24, the B-34, the B-50, and the B-52, many of which were manufactured in adjoining facilities operated by General Dynamics.

Question 8: Texas Christian University.
Texas Christian University became part of the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) in 1889, and moved from Fort Worth to Waco in 1895. It became Texas Christian University in 1902. After a fire destroyed the main building at its location in Waco in 1910, Fort Worth offered the institution a fifty-acre campus and $200,000, which was accepted. By 2001 TCU had 375 full-time faculty members and approximately 7,600 students, and was organized into seven schools and colleges, including the Add-Ran College of Humanities and Social Services. Texas Wesleyan University is located four miles southeast of Fort Worth and was founded in 1890. The Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary grew out of Baylor University's theological department and moved to Fort Worth in 1910. The College of Saint Thomas More is a Catholic liberal arts college, founded in 1981. Fort Worth Country Day is a prominent private school, founded in 1963, offering classes from kindergarten through twelfth grade.

Question 9: B-24. The B-24, built by the
Consolidated Vultee Aircraft Corporation, is one of the most famous aircraft in military aviation history. Its pilots and crews included a range of notable personalities, including actor Jimmy Stewart, Sen. Lloyd Bentsen, Speaker of the House Jim Wright, Sen. George McGovern, and actor Walter Matthau.

Question 10: June 17, 1897. As can be seen in the Online Handbook article describing the history of the
Texas State Historical Association, the first organizational meeting was held on the campus of the University of Texas on February 13, 1897, by a group of ten academic and lay historians. That meeting led to a much larger organizational meeting for the TSHA, which was held in the Capitol on March 2, 1897. The elected officers met again at the University of Texas on May 23, 1897 to organize the first annual meeting. The first annual meeting was held in Austin on June 17, 1897.

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